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PE President Elect
1789

Overview1789 : OVERVIEW | BACKGROUND | STATE RESULTS
TOP OF PAGE

George Washington George Washington

Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: VA
Electoral Votes: 69

John Adams John Adams

Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: MA
Electoral Votes: 34

Before the ratification of the 12th amendment in 1804, the candidate who received the majority of electoral votes became president, and the runner-up was named vice president. See The Electoral Process Before the 12th Amendment.
John Jay John Jay

Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: NY
Electoral Votes: 9

green box Robert Hanson Harrison
Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: MD
Electoral Votes: 6
purple box John Rutledge
Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: SC
Electoral Votes: 6
purple box John Hancock
Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: MA
Electoral Votes: 4
George Clinton George Clinton
Party: DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICAN
Home State: NY
Electoral Votes: 3
purple box Samuel Huntington
Party: ?
Home State: CT
Electoral Votes: 2
purple box John Milton
Party: ?
Home State: GA
Electoral Votes: 2
purple box James Armstrong
Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: PA
Electoral Votes: 1
purple box Benjamin Lincoln
Party: FEDERALIST
Home State: MA
Electoral Votes: 1
purple box Edward Telfair
Party: ?
Home State: GA
Electoral Votes: 1
gray box Not Cast
Electoral Votes: 44click icon for more info
Actual electors/electoral votes - 69/138 (from all or part of 10 states)
Majority needed to win - 35
Popular vote totals not kept until 1824

Background 1789 : OVERVIEW | BACKGROUND | STATE RESULTS
TOP OF PAGE

. THE 1789 CAMPAIGN AND ELECTION
... .
When the constitution had finally been ratified and the time came for the new republic to elect its first president, there really was only one choice. George Washington was a delegate to both constitutional congresses, was unanimously named commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, and was unanimously named president of the Constitutional Convention that drafted the Constitution. His popularity cut across the political spectrum, including those who advocated a strong central government (the Federalists, with whom Washington agreed), those who wanted the states to hold the most power (soon to be called the Democratic-Republicans), and even those who didn't really care about politics. From the 69 electors, who had to name two choices for president on their ballot, Washington received one vote on every ballot -- once again a unanimous election.

. RELATED ARTICLES AND LINKS
... .
ARTICLES AVAILABLE AT PRESIDENT ELECT
- The Electoral Process Before the 12th Amendmentopen link in new window

ARTICLES OR WEBSITES ELSEWHERE ON THE INTERNET
- The Papers of George Washingtonopen link in new window@ The University of Virginia

. ARTICLE SUBMISSIONS
... .
If you would like to submit an analysis of this election, an article about a candidate, or write about any other aspect of this or any other election, please see our submission guidelines.


State Results 1789 : OVERVIEW | BACKGROUND | STATE RESULTS
TOP OF PAGE

In 1789, 69 electoral votes were available to a candidate; 35 votes were needed to secure the win. Votes "not cast" are not included in the total. The method of choosing electors is listed below each states' name. LEG means the state legislature chose the electors. POP-AL means an at-large popular vote chose the state's electors. POP-DIS means electors were chosen by popular votes in each district of the state. In some states, a mix of these systems was used.
STATE CANDIDATE EVs
CONNECTICUT
( LEG )
Washington 7
Adams 5
Huntington 2
DELEWARE
( POP-DIS )
Washington 3
Jay 3
GEORGIA
( LEG )
Washington 5
Milton 2
Armstrong 1
Lincoln 1
Telfair 1
MARYLAND
( POP-AL )
Washington 6
Harrison 6
Not Cast 4
MASSACHUSETTS
( LEG / POP-DIS )
Washington 10
Adams 10
NEW HAMPSHIRE
( LEG / POP-AL )
Washington 5
Adams 5
NEW JERSEY
( LEG )
Washington 6
Jay 5
Adams 1
NEW YORK
( LEG )
Not Cast 16
NORTH CAROLINA Not Cast 14
PENNSYLVANIA
( POP-AL )
Washington 10
Adams 8
Hancock 2
RHODE ISLAND Not Cast 6
SOUTH CAROLINA
( LEG )
Washington 7
Rutledge 6
Hancock 1
VIRGINIA
( POP-DIS )
Washington 10
Adams 5
Clinton 3
Hancock 1
Jay 1
Not Cast 4
See the OVERVIEW above for each candidate's electoral vote totals.
In 1789, 69 electoral votes were available to a candidate;
35 votes were needed to secure the win.

1789 : OVERVIEW | BACKGROUND | STATE RESULTS
TOP OF PAGE

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original content and graphics unless otherwise noted
© 1999-2008 James R Whitson